Trafficking in human beings

Trafficking in human beings is a crime where a trafficker exploits other people or allows someone else to do so. The concept of trafficking in human beings covers both domestic and international activities. This means that trafficking in human beings does not necessarily have to take place across national borders, but it can also take place within a country. Traffickers can use fraud, threats, physical violence, helplessness, and other methods to lure the victim and break their resistance.

What is trafficking in human beings?

Definition of trafficking in human beings in section 133 of the Estonian Penal Code:

Placing a person, for the purpose of gaining economic benefits or without it, in a situation where he or she is forced to marry, work under unusual conditions, engage in prostitution, beg, commit a criminal offence or perform other disagreeable duties.

Keeping a person in such situation, if such act is performed through deprivation of liberty, violence, deceit, threatening to cause damage, by taking advantage of dependence on another person, helpless or vulnerable situation of the person is also punishable.

A vulnerable situation is defined in the Estonian Penal Code as a situation where a person lacks an actual or acceptable opportunity not to commit any of the acts.

The nature of the crimes of trafficking in human beings is also explained in this video clip.

    Assistance in case of suspected trafficking in human beings

    The central contact point for services for victims of trafficking in human beings is the Victim Support Department of the Social Insurance Board.

    • Information hotline concerning trafficking in human beings: +372 6607320, 24-hour line if needed: 116006.

    Assistance is provided free of charge in Estonian, Russian, and English. Legal and social counselling and assistance to the victims are also available.

    If you need shelter, you can also contact the Human Trafficking Helpline.

    More information can be found on the website of the Social Insurance Board in Estonian here and in Russian here.

    For advice, you can write to inimkaubandus@sotsiaalkindlustustusamet.ee.

    Guidance materials

    Here we have compiled guidance materials on trafficking in human beings for various parties.

    International co-operation projects

    In 2015 Ministry of Justice participated in international project VISUP (Improving Victim Support During Criminal Proceeding: Anti-Trafficking Training for Criminal Justice System Practitioners). Here You can find a training materials of the project and information booklets for the victims. Project partners were Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden and Bulgaria. 

    Training materials for criminal justice system professionals

    Booklets For victims of human trafficking
    Mees rannal kõndimas

    Last updated: 15.10.2021