Aim of the project
Being in contact with the criminal justice system can have an impact on a young person’s life. Over-involvement with the juvenile justice system, and ineffective response or inadequate support by the system may increase the likelihood of reoffending, secondary or repeated victimization and exclusion from social and education system.
Therefore, the aim of the project is to support the specialized juvenile justice approach in practice to ensure minimal negative effects for youth and support positive development: develop alternative measures instead of punishment, extend access to mediation for misdemeanour cases, provide sustainable and effective interventions, build cooperation models and methods and support the development of the attitude, competence (skills) and working practices of policymakers, practitioners, and service providers.
Norwegian Financial Mechanisms 2014-2021
Programme „Local Development and Poverty Reduction“
Predefined project „Establishment of Specialised Youth Justice Approach“
Implementation period: 28.10.2019 – 30.04.2023
Project implementer: Ministry of Justice, Criminal Policy Department, Analysis Unit
Project partners: Oslo Police District, Norwegian Mediation Service, Social Insurance Board, Prosecutor’s Office
The implementation of juvenile justice reform in Estonia is carried out in accordance with international standards, EU directives and best practice and with a focus on the most vulnerable young offenders.
- Specifically trained specialists work with juvenile and young offenders and victims, including in closed youth institutions.
- Risk and need assessment tools are freely available for practitioners of the criminal justice system, which help them to evaluate the needs of young offenders and decide on intervention measures accordingly.
- There are cooperation models and methods in use that support cooperation between law enforcement, health sector and child welfare specialists, which ensure that suitable services are provided to juvenile and young offenders.
- Alternative interventions are in use for juvenile offenders to replace fines and sentencing to closed institutions.
- Introducing lay mediation will enhance impact and involvement of community members in solving conflicts and social challenges in communities.
1. Competency development
A training programme for professionals working with youth in contact with the law, including technical assistance (coaching/mentoring and supervision), and the strengthening of capacity on strategic planning, coordination and monitoring in the juvenile justice system.
2. The development of tools for evaluation and multi-agency cooperation
Piloting multi-agency cooperation models and prevention practices. Building a system for risk assessment of young offenders in pre-trial proceedings to support the use of effective services that are in coherence with the risks and needs of the juveniles.
3. Alternative interventions for young offenders
The establishment of alternative interventions to fines and institutionalisation for youth, including short-term behaviour-based interventions applicable by police or in cooperation with other sectors such as healthcare, schools, youth work. The project will support access to family therapy approaches to youth offenders on probation and capacity-building for professionals working with youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The establishment of a volunteer mediators system aimed at developing a restorative approach to juvenile justice and better access to mediation
4. Improving residential services for young offenders
Improving conditions in closed facilities for children and youth as an alternative to prison, including the introduction of in-treatment methods and services aimed at re-socialisation, and specialised training for prison staff to work with institutionalised youth.
The year 2020 is special in many ways. Instead of the restorative justice week, the Social Insurance Board and the Ministry of Justice organized a restorative justice month in November. On November 26, 2020, an international closing conference "Whose Justice is a Restorative Justice?" took place. It was an exciting day to share the practices and experiences of both local and foreign colleagues. The day was led by the moderator Urmas Vaino and the conference was webcasted from the PROTO Invention Factory in Tallinn.
On October 1, 2020, the opening conference of the project of the Ministry of Justice „Establishment of Specialised Youth Justice Approach” took place. The conference was webcasted from the PROTO Invention Factory in Tallinn.
At the conference, the speakers brought to the audience inspiring thoughts on how to prevent young people from falling into the path of crime and, if this has been the case, how to help young people return to a law-abiding life and a better future. The conference was aimed at specialists from different disciplines who work in one way or another with minors and young people in the field of the legal system. The aim of the day was to provide an overview of the main activities of the project and more important- to inspire and involve the audience in collaboration.
The conference supported the implementation of the objectives of the project " Establishment of Specialised Youth Justice Approach " and has been funded by the European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms 2014-2021.
The conference can be viewed on Youtube or here: https://www.worksup.com/; Event ID: KUIDASSAAB
Planet Youth Conference
From March 6 to 8, 2020, the Estonian delegation had a good opportunity to take part in the international conference Planet Youth, which took place in Reykjavik, Iceland, within the framework of the project “Establishment of Specialized Youth Justice Approach”. Over the course of three days, a large number of international speakers brought to the participants the practices of different countries on the launch of the Icelandic model and on youth prevention. The interactive days provided a thorough overview of the implementation of the model both in Europe and in more distant countries such as Chile, and provided active discussions for obtaining good input for the implementation of the model in Estonia. The Estonian delegation included health promoters from Tallinn districts, a senior health promotion specialist of the Tallinn Education Department and the project coordinator from the Ministry of Justice.
The implementation of methods based on the Icelandic model in Tallinn municipality schools is planned during the project period of 2020-2023.
Additional information about Icelandic Planet Youth model: https://planetyouth.org/