During the Estonian EU Presidency the Ministry of Justice
will focus on ensuring that the European Union would be a place where:
the principles of better regulation are valued
- The leading idea of better regulation is that amending the law may not always prove to be the best way of achieving the objectives. Estonia believes that during negotiations special attention must be paid on inclusion and impact assessment. With making maximum use of e-solutions, we are standing for making the lives of companies and citizens easier while reducing the bureaucracy.
entrepreneurs can do business easily and consumers shop and use the services available in the Digital Age in a safe manner
- Shopping in EU must be convenient and safe and accompany the technological development. We must create more comprehensible and functioning contractual rules allowing the purchase and use of items containing digital components: software, e-books, cloud solutions, etc. Common online sales rules in EU would encourage entrepreneurs to discover new markets and provide the consumers with wider choice.
- The field of copyright must be updated to suit the modern digital solutions. We must also create a well-functioning and fair digital services market so as to expand the range of digital content and improve the online and cross-border accessibility of TV and radio broadcasts in EU. The rules of free use of works protected by copyright must be elaborated in order to respond to new uses in science, education and culture.
- European companies must be moved to the Digital Age. In Estonia performing digital operations is part of the entrepreneurs’ daily lives: founding a company electronically has become the norm, annual reports are submitted electronically and, if necessary, general meetings can be held and resolutions adopted electronically. This should be possible in other Member States as well.
- Estonia encourages the European Commission to continue to address the topic of cross-border movement of companies. We believe that well-functioning EU rules regarding the cross-border transfer of the registered offices of companies and the cross-border merger and division would enhance the freedom of movement and the EU's single market in terms of company law.
people in need can access the legal system more efficiently by virtue of e-solutions
- In shaping a common EU judicial area we must improve the access of citizens to legal protection and legal advice and facilitate the cross-border cooperation of legal experts. This can all be achieved by using safe electronic solutions. All Member States provide citizens with access to e-Justice containing information of the structure of legal systems in the Member States in their native language. Estonia will make all necessary efforts to ensure that submitting electronic documents to courts becomes a rule in the entire EU. Our objective is to create a possibility for submitting proceedings documents via this portal directly to the competent court.
people can live in safety as the cooperation and information exchange between States ensure better prevention and investigation of crimes
- The prerequisite for an effective fight against terrorism and other crimes is the possibility for using e-evidence and maintain communication data. Improving the accessibility and processing of e-evidence would significantly help collect the evidence in cross-border criminal proceedings.
- Equally important is the seizure and confiscation of property, which helps hinder the financing of new crimes, including terrorism, with criminal assets. Taking into account the cross-border nature of crime, it is of utmost importance that seizure or confiscation orders issued in one Member State could be recognised and enforced quickly and effectively in other Member States.
- In order to prevent criminals from exploiting the differences in the legal systems of Member States, we must establish common minimum requirements for crimes related to money laundering and for the foreseen punishments.
- With the mediation of the European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS), the criminal records of EU citizens can already be exchanged. Our objective is to create a common database containing also the criminal records and fingerprints of third-country nationals and stateless persons. This would allow rapid exchange of information on all persons who have committed crimes in Europe.